Francis W. Knowles Papers

Manuscript Collection #164
Knowles, Francis G. W. (Francis Gerald William), 1915-1974
Physical description
0.22 Cubic Feet, 1 item , diary.
Preferred Citation
Francis W. Knowles Papers (#164), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Papers (1862-1885) consisting of diary, with description of camp, confederate and activities of knights of Golden Circle.

Scope and arrangement

The Francis W. Knowles Papers consist of a diary scrapbook (1862-1865) written by Private Knowles while serving in Company B of the 36th Massachusetts Volunteers. The diary records the activities of Knowles, who was mainly a clerk, as he participated with the IX Corps at Fredericksburg (December, 1862), in the District of Indiana and Michigan (June-September, 1863), the Knoxville Campaign (November-December, 1863), the Wilderness campaign (May, 1864), the Spotsylvania Courthouse campaign (May, 1864), at Cold Harbor (June 3-4, 1864), and in the Petersburg campaign (June, 1864-April, 1865).

Entries of interest include a description of camp life at Camp Wool in Massachusetts (August, 1862); the activities of the Confederate raider John Morgan in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana (June-July, 1863); and the activities of the Knights of the Golden Circle in Kentucky (September-November, 1863). Also included are a report by General Edwin V. Sumner of the Battle of Fredericksburg in which he commanded the Right Grand Division; newspaper clipping entitled "The Last Night of Fredericksburg" by Joshua L. Chamberlain; autographs of Ambrose B. Burnside, Lewis Richmond, and John G. Parke; maps of the various campaigns in which Knowles participated; battlefield sketches; and field orders. Knowles was mustered out of the army in June of 1865.

Administrative information
Custodial History

May 13, 1971, 1 item; Diary (1862-1865). Purchased by J. Y. Joyner Library, Greenville, North Carolina.

Source of acquisition

Purchased by J. Y. Joyner Library

Processing information

Processed by R. Weaver, March 1972

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Knowles, Francis W.
Corporate Names
Knights of the Golden Circle
United States. Army--Military life
Cold Harbor, Battle of, Va., 1864
Fort Stedman, Battle of, Petersburg, Va., 1865
Fredericksburg, Battle of, Fredericksburg, Va., 1862
Spotsylvania Court House, Battle of, Va., 1864
Wilderness, Battle of the, Va., 1864
Camp Wool (Mass.)
Knoxville (Tenn.)--History--Siege, 1863
Ohio River Valley--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Petersburg (Va.)--History--Siege, 1864-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives