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Francis Edward Winslow Papers, 1914-1972

Manuscript Collection #146

Descriptive Summary Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Title: Francis Edward Winslow Papers
Creator: Winslow, Francis E. (Francis Edward), 1888-1976
Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
Languages: English
Abstract: Papers (1914-1972, undated) consisting of correspondence, reports, clippings, minutes, publications, speeches, affidavits, court rulings, legal briefs, trial proceedings, etc.
Extent: 9.98 Cubic feet, consisting of correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, minutes, publications, speeches, affidavits, court rulings, legal briefs, trial proceedings, pamphlets, photographs, rosters, and travel account.

Administrative Information Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Accessions Information

October 21, 1970, 34 document cases; Files (1917-1965) relating to U.S. Fuel Administration, U.S. District Court, Bricker Amendment, John J. Parker, F.T.C. Proceedings, and Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission.

November 10, 1970, 8 document cases; Files relating to World Federalists, World Court-Connally Amendment, Disunion Amendment of 1963, N.C. Bar Association--J. P. Rulemaking Bill, N.C. Bar Association-Medico Legal Committee, Legislature campaign, Theodosia Burr portrait, M. V. Barnhill-Portrait of Judges, and Carolina Charter Commission and Corporation.

April 3, 1971, 93 items; Correspondence, clippings, reports and miscellaneous. Gifts of Francis Edward Winslow, Rocky Mount, N.C.

Access Restrictions

No restrictions

Copyright Notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Preferred Citation

Francis Edward Winslow Papers (#146), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Acquisition Information

  • Gifts of Francis Edward Winslow

Processing Information

  • Processed by D. Lawson, June 1978

  • Encoded by Apex Data Services


Biographical / Historical Note Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Francis Edward Winslow (July 7, 1888-1976), lawyer, was born in Hertford, N.C., the son of Tudor Frith and Mary E. Wood Winslow. Winslow attended the University of North Carolina undergraduate and law school as well as the Columbia University law school. In 1917, he married Nemmie G. Paris and they had four children: Adelaide, Mary W., Margaret, and Francis Edward. Winslow was a member of the 4th U.S. Judicial Circuit Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary, American Bar Association (1956-1959); the executive committee of the Committee for the Defense of the Constitution by Preserving the Treaty Power (1953); and was president of the North Carolina Society of the Cincinnati (1957). For detailed information see Who's Who in America.

Description Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Correspondence (1917-1918) of the U.S. Fuel Administration pertains to Winslow's duties as a local fuel committee chairman for Edgecombe County. As a result of war needs, fuels, especially coal, became almost non-existent; hence, the files reflect efforts of several Edgecombe County firms to acquire sufficient supplies of coal. The correspondence also reflects Winslow's efforts to enforce retail coal prices and other fuel regulations. Miscellaneous material (1917-1918), relating to the Fuel Administration, consists of reports of coal consumption of several Rocky Mount firms and U.S.F.A.pamphlets pertaining to fuel conservation, price controls, fuel usage, and contracts. A circular (undated) delineates a plan for mobilizing unemployed North Carolinians into wood-chopping brigades.

Correspondence in the North Carolina Bar Association Justice of the Peace Reform Bill file relates to Winslow's efforts and strategy, as president of the association, to reform the selection of justices of the peace. The correspondence reflects the efforts of Winslow and other prominent North Carolina lawyers to introduce bills to divest the Legislature of the court rule-making power and invest it in the state's Supreme Court. Other material includes memoranda and minutes of the N.C. Bar Association's Committee on Justices of the Peace and Committee on the Rule-making Power (1937-1940), copies of proposed bills (1939, undated), newspaper clippings, and speeches and articles (undated).

Closely related to the Reform Bills file, the Medico-Legal Committee files consist of correspondence (1956-1957) pertaining to the devising of a legal-medical interprofessional code. Other material includes a convention report (1956), an article concerning the code in The North Carolina Medical Journal (1956), and undated pamphlets.

In 1936, Winslow campaigned for a Democratic Party seat in the Legislature. His correspondence deals with campaign organization and strategy and the soliciting of electoral support. Winslow analyzes his defeat and delineates his campaign expenses. Of interest in the miscellaneous materials are Edgecombe County voter registration lists (undated), a Democratic Party executive committee list (undated), and a speech to the voters of Edgecombe County (undated).

Correspondence (1937) documents Winslow's efforts to help defeat President Franklin D. Roosevelt's attempts to dictate policy to the U.S. Supreme Court. Letters discuss the President's quarrel with the Court; the possible result for Negro rights if the Bill of Rights were strengthened; the New Deal "regime," and Roosevelt's attack on bankers, industrialists, and lawyers.

A later file of correspondence (1963) also deals with the Supreme Court. These letters reflect Winslow's efforts to block the three "Disunion" Amendments, one of which called for the creation of a Super Supreme Court composed of the fifty state justices.

The United World Federalists file consists of Winslow's correspondence (1946-1948) soliciting membership and attempting to acquire the support of the N.C. Bar Association. Committee work, forums on atomic energy, and the necessity of world government are major topics of discussion. Other material includes newspaper clippings (1945-1953), minutes and by-laws (1946-1947, undated), pamphlets, newsletters, and bulletins (1945-1947, undated). Miscellaneous material includes a declaration from the Dublin Conference (1945) and material relating to a high school World Peace speaking program.

A substantial amount of material relates to the amendment introduced by Senator John Bricker designed to restrict the nation's treaty-making powers. Winslow was a member of the executive committee of the Committee for the Defense of the Constitution by Preserving the Treaty Power. His correspondence (1953-1957) pertains to anti-Bricker amendment strategy and constitutional issues. Other material (1953-1956, undated) consists of addresses and speeches, state bar reports, journals, circulars, pamphlets, reprints, and newspaper clippings. Also included are reports of the progress of the amendment as it moved through Congress.

Legal files pertain to an anti-trust tobacco suit, the Federal Trade Commission vs. Wilson Tobacco Board of Trade. Correspondence (1954-1965) pertains to the defense of the warehouses of Eagles-Cozart, Centre Brick, Big Dixie, and Watson. The ancillary case, Carl Renfro vs. Wilson Tobacco Board of Trade, receives substantial treatment. The correspondence discusses various aspects of tobacco warehousing, especially the debate between the performance system as opposed to the floor-space system. Undated copies of affidavits, transcripts of various tobacco suits and appeal briefs (1955-1957, undated) of the Wilson Tobacco Board of Trade and of Cozart-Eagles vs. Harris Sales Corporation (1965-1966, undated) are present. Also included are forty-eight volumes of the trial proceedings of Eagles vs. Harris Sales Corporation (1965). Other trial-related records are the Wilson Tobacco Board of Trade minutes (1951), the Wilson Warehouse Association minutes (1952-1963), Wilson Tobacco-Market data (1952-1955, undated), and a profit statement of the Clark Warehouse (1951). Miscellaneous material includes a pamphlet, Constitution and By-laws of the Rocky Mount Tobacco Board of Trade, Inc. (undated).

Correspondence of the U.S. District Court, Eastern N.C. District, reflects the activities of the Eastern District Rules Committee (of which Winslow was a member) to formulate rules of procedure for the federal court. Related material includes drafts of proposed rules (1961), minutes of sub-committees and committee meetings, and status reports (all 1960). Pamphlets (1935-1960), journals, and bulletins also exist.

A closely allied file concerns the Federal Judge Omnibus bill. Correspondence (1961) pertains to the need for extra judges in N.C., and the qualifications for judgeships of Malcolm B. Seawell, John Spencer Bell, and John D. Larkins. Of interest is the effort of Winslow to have Seawell appointed instead of Larkins, the choice of Senator B. Everett Jordan.

Correspondence (1959-1965, undated) of the Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission deals with commemorative programs, attempts to acquire appropriations for a cultural building, and publication of the state's colonial records. Committee minutes, reports, assignments, budget-related material, publication projects material, news releases, and a newsletter "Tercentenary News" (1961-1963), are included in the file.

The Carolina Charter Corporation, which Winslow chaired, was established to receive funds acquired for support of Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission programs. Correspondence deals with efforts to acquire a building for the Department of Archives and History, the publication of the Colonial Records of N.C., and the publication of Carlisle Floyd's play, The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair.

Lesser files include the Fellows of the American Bar Association, the John J. Parker Memorial, Society of the Cincinnati, and Winslow's speeches. A travel account (1936) of Adelaide Winslow describes various European cities. A pamphlet (1914), Rocky Mount, Typical City of the New South, by Winslow, is of interest. Theodosia Burr material concerns a portrait of her (1967).

Subject Headings Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Card Catalog Entries Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Reading Room's card catalog. This system is no longer maintained, but it is left in place to help on-site researchers locate particular topics in the collection.

Geographic Entry :

  • North Carolina, Rocky Mount

Autograph Entries :

  • Andrews, Alexander B[oyd, Jr.] (6) 1937-1940
  • Battle, Tho[ma]s H[all] (3) 1917-1918
  • Belk, H[enry] (48) 1959-1964
  • [Bonner], Herbert [Covington] (2) 1963
  • Barnhill, M[aurice] V[ictor] 1939
  • Broughton, J[oseph] M[elville] (2) 1940
  • Bruton, T[homas] Wade 1960
  • Butler, Algernon L. (3) 1959-1963
  • Carlyle, Irving E[dward] (4) 1940-1941, 1960
  • Carroll, Charles F[isher] 1959
  • Chatham, [Richard Thurmond] 1953
  • Coltrane, D[avid] S[tanton] (2) 1961
  • [Cooley], Harold [Dunbar] (11) 1961-1963
  • Corbitt, D[avid] L[eroy] 1964
  • Crittenden, [Charles] Christopher (132) 1959-1969
  • Cummings, Homer L. (3) 1938
  • Daniels, Jonathan [Worth] (4) 1938, 1959
  • Day, J. Edward (2) 1962
  • [Ervin], Sam[uel James, Jr.] (29) 1954-1964
  • Eure, T[haddeus A.] 1960
  • Fenner, Julian 1967
  • Fletcher, Inglis 1959
  • [Fountain], L[awrence] H. (8) 1961-1963
  • Friday, W[illa]m [Clyde] (3) 1962-1963
  • Gardner, O[liver] Max[well] 1938
  • Gill, Edwin [Maurice] 1964
  • Graham, A[lexander] H[awkins], Jr. 1940
  • Graham, Frank [Porter] (35) 1958-1963
  • Gray, Gordon 1939
  • Gray, James A[lexander] 1960
  • Green, Paul [Eliot] 1959
  • Hanes, Ralph P[leasant] (4) 1960, 1964
  • Henderson, Davis N[ewton] (9) 1961-1963
  • Hoey, Clyde R[ouark] (10) 1938-1954
  • Hodges, Luther [Hartwell] (8) 1959-1963
  • Johnson, Guion [Griffis] 1964
  • Jonas, C[harles] R[aper] (5) 1962-1964
  • Jones, H[amilton] C[hamberlain] (4) 1940
  • Jordan, B[enjamin] Everett (21) 1960-1963
  • Kefauver, Carey Estes 1955
  • Kerr, John Hosea, Jr. (8) 1939, 1960-1961
  • Kirby, J. Russell 1969
  • Larkins, John D[avis, Jr.] (3) 1962-1963
  • Lennon, Alton [Asa] (8) 1954-1963
  • McAlister, A[lexander] W[orth] (97) 1917-1918
  • McMullan, Harry (6) 1938-1940
  • McNeill, Ben Dixon 1959
  • Moore, L[arry] I. 1938
  • [Morgan], Robert [Burren] 1965
  • Parker, John J[ohnston] (13) 1938-1941
  • Parker, R[obert] Hunt (2) 1962
  • Pierce, Ovid Williams 1960
  • [Preyer, Lundsford] Rich[ardson] (2) 1962
  • [Ragan], Sam[uel Talmadge] 1963
  • Rodman, W[illiam] B[lount], Jr. 1940
  • Royall, Kenneth C[laiborne] (29) 1940-1941
  • Rusk, Dean 1963
  • Sanford, Terry (20) 1961-1965
  • Scott, [Robert Walter], Bob (2) 1968-1969
  • Scott, W[illiam] Kerr (3) 1954-1956
  • [Seawell], Malcolm [Buie] (4) 1959, 1961
  • Smith, Willis (4) 1940-1941
  • [Stephenson], Gilbert [Thomas] (2) 1961
  • Taylor, Roy Arthur 1962
  • Tillett, C[harles] W. (23) 1937-1947
  • [Umstead], William [Bradley] 1947
  • Wallace, H[enry] A[gard] 1944
  • [Warren], Lindsay [Carter, Jr.] 1963
  • Webster, Felix L. 1937
  • Weil, Gertrude 1960
  • [White, Thomas Jackson], Tom 1961
  • Williams, [Henry] Horace 1937

Subject Entries :

  • AGRICULTURE--Loans--1933
  • BELL, JOHN SPENCER--1961
  • BOOKS AND AUTHORS--Avery, Isaac Erwin--1957
  • BOOKS AND AUTHORS--Daniels, Jonathan--1959
  • BURR, THEODOSIA--1967
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Agriculture--Mortgages
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Industry--Rocky Mount, N.C.
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Tobacco Industry--1954-1965
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Tobacco Industry--Rocky Mount, N.C.
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Tobacco Industry--Speculation--1956
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Tobacco Industry--Warehousing--1952-1965
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Tobacco Industry--Warehousing--1955-1965
  • BUSINESS AND COMMERCE--Tobacco Industry--Wilson, N.C.
  • COURTS--Judicial Reform--U.S. District Court, Eastern N.C.--1959-1962
  • COURTS--Justices of the Peace--1937-1944
  • COURTS--N.C. Supreme Court--1938-1941
  • COURTS--U.S. District Court, Eastern N.C.--1959-1962
  • COURTS--U.S. District Court, Eastern N.C.--Omnibus Judge Bill--1961
  • CRIME AND PUNISHMENT--Tax Evasion--1961
  • ELECTIONS--N.C. General Assembly--1936
  • ENERGY--Agencies--U.S. Fuel Administration
  • ENERGY--Atomic Power--1946
  • ENERGY--Atomic Power--Congresses and Conventions--1945
  • ENERGY--Coal--Rocky Mount, N.C.--1917-1918
  • ENERGY--Agencies--U.S. Fuel Administration
  • GREENSBORO, N.C.--1940
  • HEALTH AND MEDICINE--Medical Codes--1956-1957
  • HOTELS, INNS, AND TAVERNS--Europe--1936
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--International Court of Justice
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--International Court of Justice
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--International Court of Justice--1960
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--International Organization
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--Isolationism--1954
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--Treaties--Bricker Amendment--1953-1965
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--World Federation
  • INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS--Peace
  • LARKINS, JOHN DAVIS--1961
  • LAW AND LAWYERS--Organizations--Fellows of the American Bar Association--1956-1969
  • LAW AND LAWYERS--Organizations--John J. Parker Memorial Committee-1958-1966
  • LAW AND LAWYERS--Organizations--N.C. Bar Association
  • LAW AND LAWYERS--Rocky Mount, N.C.--1917-1972
  • MINES AND MINING--Coal--1917-1918
  • MONEY AND BANKING--Agriculture
  • NEGROES--Integration
  • N.C.--GENERAL ASSEMBLY--1937-1941
  • N.C.--STATE DEPARTMENTS--Archives and History--1960-1965
  • N.C.--STATE DEPARTMENTS--Carolina Charter Corporation--1964-1972
  • N.C.--STATE DEPARTMENTS--Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission--1959-1965
  • N.C.--SUPREME COURT--1938-1941
  • ORGANIZATIONS--N.C. Society of the Cincinnati--1960-1972
  • PARKER, JOHN JOHNSTON--1958-1966
  • POLITICS--Democratic Party--N.C.--1936
  • PUBLICATIONS--Colonial Records of N.C.-- 1959-1972
  • ROCKY MOUNT, N.C.--1914
  • ROCKY MOUNT, N.C.--1917-1918
  • SEAWELL, MALCOLM BUIE--1961
  • SEGREGATION--Colleges and Universities
  • SOCIAL LIFE AND CUSTOMS--Celebrations--Centennial Celebrations, etc.
  • THEATER AND DRAMATICS--Plays--1964-1972
  • TRANSPORTATION--Railroads--1917-1918
  • TRANSPORTATION--Roads--Greensboro, N.C.
  • TRAVEL--Europe--1936
  • TREATIES--Bricker Amendment--1955-1965
  • UNITED NATIONS--1946
  • U.S.--CONGRESS--Apportionment (Election Law)--1963
  • U.S.--CONSTITUTION--1937
  • U.S.--CONSTITUTION--Amendments
  • U.S.--CONSTITUTION--Bill of Rights--1937
  • U.S.--CONSTITUTION--Bricker Amendment
  • U.S.--CONSTITUTION--14th Amendment--1937
  • U.S.--CONSTITUTION--16th Amendment
  • U.S.--DEPARTMENTS, COMMISSIONS, AGENCIES--U.S. Fuel Administration
  • U.S.--PRESIDENT--Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
  • U.S.--PRESIDENT--Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
  • U.S.--SUPREME COURT--1937
  • U.S.--SUPREME COURT--1937
  • U.S.--SUPREME COURT--1963
  • WAR--Philosophy
  • WAR--WORLD WAR I--Homefront

Map Entries :

  • NORTH CAROLINA, EDGECOMBE COUNTY
  • NORTH CAROLINA (1933)

Date Entries :

  • 1917-1918
  • 1937-1940
  • 1944-1950
  • 1953-1960

Pamphlet Entry :

Author Entry
  • [Francis Edward Winslow].
    • A Glimpse of Rocky Mount, The Typical City of the New South  (1914)

Container List Click here to collapse or expand the contents in this section of the finding aid

Box 1#0146.1
U.S. Fuel Administration file; N.C. Bar Association file: Reform Bills
Box 2#0146.2
N.C. Bar Association file: Reform Bills; Medico-Legal Committee
Box 3#0146.3
Supreme Court Bill correspondence; "Disunion" Amendments correspondence; World Federalists Organization file; World Court (Connally) file
Box 4#0146.4
Bricker Amendment file
Box 5#0146.5
Federal Trade Commission suit file
Box 6#0146.6
Federal Trade Commission suit file
Box 7#0146.7
Federal Trade Commission suit file
Box 8#0146.8
Federal Trade Commission suit file
Box 9#0146.9
Federal Trade Commission suit file
Box 10#0146.10
Federal Trade Commission suit file
Box 11#0146.11
Federal Trade Commission suit file
Box 12#0146.12
Federal Trade Commission suit file; U.S. District Court, Eastern N.C. file
Box 13#0146.13
U.S. District Court, Eastern N.C. file
Box 14#0146.14
U.S. District Court, Eastern N.C. file; Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission file
Box 15#0146.15
Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission file
Box 16#0146.16
Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission file
Box 17#0146.17
Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission file
Box 18#0146.18
Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission file
Box 19#0146.19
Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission file
Box 20#0146.20
Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission file; Carolina Charter Corporation file
Box 21#0146.21
Fellows of the American Bar Association file; John J. Parker Memorial Committee file; N.C. Society of the Cincinnati file
Box 22#0146.22
N.C. Society of the Cincinnati file; Francis E. Winslow Speeches
Box 23#0146.23
Winslow Speeches; Travel account; Theodosia Burr material; miscellaneous newspaper clippings; miscellaneous pamphlets; and miscellaneous.
Oversize Folder os1#0146.os1
Newspaper clippings; map; poster

Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina ECHO, Exploring Cultural Heritage Online, Digitization Grant Program.

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Special Collections Division, J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University. The materials described here are physically available in our reading room. None of the original documents in this collection are digitally available online at this time.
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