H. H. and C. S. Brimley, immigrant English boys, came to Raleigh in 1880. Herbert became an outstanding taxidermist and worked for the Museum of Natural Science for sixty years, fifty-one as curator and director. Clement was an entomologist for the Agriculture Department. He published over two hundred animal-related papers and two landmark books, The List of Insects of North Carolina and Birds of North Carolina. The Brimleys were the state's most influential naturalists, whose work left a lasting mark on the state.