Paul C. Cameron owned one of the state's largest antebellum plantations. It encompassed over 30,000 acres in Orange and three other counties, and used 900 slaves to tend crops and handle livestock. The plantation became so large that it was eventually divided into smaller units of several thousand acres each. One division is now the Stagville State Historic Site. Cameron was the wealthiest man in the state before the Civil War and remained so after the conflict ended.