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Seiners and Tongers: North Carolina Fisheries in the Old and New South

During the colonial and antebellum periods of North Carolina's history, plantation owners developed fisheries to provide food for slave workforces. These fisheries were disrupted by Union troops and escaped slaves during the Civil War. After the cease of hostilities, the fishery industry grew quickly as the result of several factors including the expansion of steamboat and railroad lines, the completion of the deep-draft canal to Norfolk, Virginia, and market preferences towards fresh food and away from salted. North Carolina fisheries did not develop as extensively as New England fisheries because of the isolation of North Carolina fisheries, its warm climate, seasonal/migratory fish, and the lack of incentive to develop fisheries since productive farming land was available.
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