Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for North Carolina Historical Review Vol. 93 Issue 3, July 2016
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In the early 20th century, North Carolina historians and civil leaders were interested in promoting a white Anglo heritage commemorating the State’s 1587 “founding.” This interest, coinciding with the U.S. entrance into the First World War, aimed to strengthen North Carolinians’ awareness of English heritage and to justify white supremacy. Central to the public promotion of this heritage was a civic pageant, written by Frederick Koch and performed in 1920, which used Sir Walter Raleigh as a model of democracy, set in opposition to modern “threats” of anarchy and communism.
North Carolina civil rights lawyer John Wheeler was an advocate for equal employment opportunity in government positions and the advancement of Black Americans. His work directly influenced national employment legislation, and Wheeler himself served on various state and national committees. Despite his involvement in national civil rights, Wheeler remains elusive in modern historical studies. This article discusses Wheeler’s background and career as a banker, lawyer, and civil rights advocate, emphasizing his contributions to the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.
Many of North Carolina’s 4-H programs remained racially segregated through the 1980s despite open membership policies and legislation. This article addresses four aspects of 4-H and race—organizational inequalities, white support of black members, black activism and advocacy, and eventual racial integration of 4-H clubs.