Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for North Carolina Historical Review Vol. 65 Issue 4, Oct 1988
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This article examines North Carolina's experience with the Rosenwald Schools, using Mecklenburg County as the case study. Rosenwald Schools were an educational system for Southern black children who were excluded from white schools. Founded in the 1910s by Booker T. Washington and philanthropist Julius Rosenwald, the schools were a limited success. Over 5,300 schools were constructed throughout the South and Mecklenburg County had 26. By the 1930s though, the Rosenwald Foundation admitted that the schools were not accomplishing the desired effect of educating blacks to live in a white-dominated society. The foundation then stopped funding the schools in order to promote black and white cooperation through other methods.
In 1937, William Hayes Ackland approached Duke University and offered to endow an art museum. To receive the endowment, Ackland stipulated that his body, preserved in a sarcophagus must be kept in the museum. This requirement was received by Duke president William P. Few, who negotiated the agreement with Ackland. After both Few and Ackland died in 1940, Duke Trustees decided to back out of the agreement, to the dismay of prominent alumni. As a result of that decision the generous endowment with to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill instead.
With the continued issue of county division politics in antebellum North Carolina, many voters abandoned their party when candidates took a stand to which they were opposed. Concurrently, a politician seized on this disunion by casting aspersion on opponents, allowing for many political upsets. This allow expands on the history of county divisions by providing insight into how grassroots issues can alter political structures.