Efforts are underway to restore several historic Civil War-era structures, including Fort Fisher, Fort Macon, the Fayetteville Arsenal, the Seaboard Building in Raleigh, and the Bellamy Mansion in Wilmington.
The railroad in North Carolina brought progress and prosperity to communities along its route. The 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act contains provisions allocating money for the preservation and rehabilitation of historic rail depots
Joye E. Jordan was a public historian who worked for the North Carolina Department of Archives and History from 1944 until 1974. She was responsible for helping to create the state's first historic preservation programs and administrative units.
An underwater archaeological survey of the Cape Fear and Northeast Cape Fear rivers is underway to locate and identify submerged cultural resources that might be affected by the deepening of the rivers' channels providing access to the Port of Wilmington
Since the 1700s, the Southern folk cemetery has been a means of family identification and bonding over generations, but with increased family mobility in the 20th-century the traditions of the folk cemetery are being abandoned.
Graves and cemeteries are normally not considered eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places, and those that are must reflect strict criteria. North Carolina does not have a single individually listed grave in the Register.