Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for Carolina Planning Vol. 36 Issue , Summer 2011
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Before the mass production of private automobiles in the early 1900s, many cities throughout the southeastern United States maintained bustling urban centers with electric streetcars running along major corridors. North Carolina was no exception. The flight from urban centers to the urban fringe and suburbs that began during the years following World War II promoted auto-dominated neighborhood designs. Eventually, streetcars and much of the intercity passenger rail services were disconnected. Since the adoption of the Federal Aid Highway Act in 1956, a majority of federal and state transportation funds have been devoted to highway planning and construction, and the re-emergence of alternatives to automobiles.
This article outlines a methodology that assesses urbanity in three dimensions, density, diversity, and design, and creates a way to measure each dimension according to its influence on transit usage and walkability.
In 2006, the town of Chapel Hill committed to a 60 percent reduction in greenhouse gases from municipal operations by 2050. Annual inventories have been conducted to guide Chapel Hill in their greenhouse gas emission reduction measures.