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Recent reports from Washington indicate that 80,000 North Carolina state, county, and municipal employees may have an opportunity to be included under the Social Security Act in the near future.
As part of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal program, the Social Security Act (1935) included provisions for unemployment insurance compensation to workers based on state compliance by January 1, 1936. Because of the law's timing, Governor J.C.B. Ehringhaus was forced to call a special session in December 1937, despite his political and financial opposition to doing so.
North Carolina has three programs that provide financial support to during old age and unemployment. Among the provisions of the Social Security act, Old Age Assistance (OAA), Old Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI), and unemployment insurance provide benefits to persons through Federal, state, and county tax provisions.
New social security legislation has lowered retirement for widows from 65 to 62, and made it possible for working women to qualify for reduced benefits at 62. Congress also extended coverage to self-employed professionals and increased taxes to pay for disability benefits.