Hundreds of young North Carolina boys joined the Confederate Army. Two who later rose to prominence were Walter Clark, a North Carolina Supreme Court Justice, and William Cain, the longtime head of the math department at UNC-Chapel Hill.
Jonathan Worth, North Carolina's first post-Civil War governor, endured strong opposition from the state's unionists to his efforts to provide artificial limbs to those Confederate soldiers who lost limbs in battle. His tireless efforts were successful.
By the end of the Civil War, over 331,000 slaves had been freed statewide. Although they were free, life for former slaves was not easy. Opportunities were limited, and in the years following emancipation, progress was slow.