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Certain sociodemographic factors, maternal behaviors, and intensity of smoking during pregnancy can determine a baby’s outcome. They may also determine the likelihood a woman will stop smoking during pregnancy. The poorer and less educated a woman is, the less likely she is to quit.
Smoking is recognized as the number one preventable risk-factor associated with adverse birth outcomes. This study examined the differences in the rate of smoking cessation during pregnancy among mothers in North Carolina who smoked before pregnancy, by selected maternal characteristics. It also examined differences between women who did and did not quit smoking during pregnancy.
This study examined breastfeeding trends over time and identified demographic, maternal, infant, and environmental factors associated with initiation of breastfeeding and duration over eight weeks in North Carolina. The results provide a method for monitoring changes in breastfeeding and helps identify groups that could benefit from additional education, support or services.